In Israel, the population density is 382.16 people per square kilometer (994 per square mile). Based on these statistics, this country is considered densely populated. The total population of Israel is 8,452,841 people. Israel has approximately 2,011,727 foreign immigrants. Immigrants in Israel account for 0.9 percent of the total number of immigrants worldwide. Immigrants in Israel account for 26.5 percent of the total number of immigrants worldwide. The ethnic diversity of Israel is diverse according to a fractionation scale based on ethnicity. Ethnic Fractionation (EF) deals with the number, size, socioeconomic distribution, and geographic location of diverse cultural groups, usually within a state or some other demarcated area. Specific cultural characteristics can refer to language, skin color, religion, ethnicity, customs and traditions, history, or other distinctive criteria, alone or in combination. These characteristics are often used for social exclusion and power monopolization. The index of ethnic fractionation in Israel is 0.3436. This means that there is some diversity in Israel, although all people can still be divided into a relatively small number of major ethnic groups. EF is usually measured as 1 minus the Herfindahl concentration index of ethnolinguistic group proportions, which reflects the probability that two randomly drawn individuals from the population belong to different groups. The theoretical maximum of EF of 1 means that each person belongs to a different group. Read Israel’s average age and gender distribution statistics at different ages below.